For most people, professionally managed investing means buying mutual funds. For the wealthy, this may mean getting access to hedge funds, the exclusive investment vehicle available only to qualified investors. For outsiders looking in, hedge funds are how the rich get richer.
In 2005, what is possibly the greatest investor of all time, Warren Buffett offered to make a $1,000,000 bet with anyone that over ten years, a boring; low cost; passively managed S&P 500 index fund will outperform any collection of hedge funds. This is what happened.